Mindfulness finds its theory formed from Eastern philosophies and meditation practices. Developed in the seventies by Dr. John Kabat-Zinn, it ties in with CBT by allowing individuals to develop awareness as to their thoughts and feelings in the present moment. It is particularly renowned for being used by thought-leaders in the tech industry as a way to keep focussed and work towards set goals.
It can be used to help allay stress and find space in the day for self-reflection. It looks at focussing on the present moment, not dwelling on the past, and not worrying about the future. It can be a very useful technique when practiced regularly, and help cultivate concentration or feelings of happiness and general wellbeing.
Mindfulness can be applied to many different problems and difficulties. Evidence shows it can be particularly helpful in cases of binge eating or food addiction, as well as obsessive behaviours such as OCD. It can also be very helpful to clients who are depressed or anxious.
After an assessment is carried out, it may become evident that mindfulness techniques would be useful to be applied during your personal treatment plan. I will stress this is an individual choice, as it is not for everyone, and it is to be decided upon together.